Marine Biology 2018
Euroscicon Ltd offers all the participants from all over the Globe to attend “12th International Conference on Oceanography & Marine Biology” during June 28-29, 2018 at Berlin, Germany. It includes prompt Keynote presentations, Oral presentations (Speaker forum and Young research forum), Poster presentations, and Exhibitions. This is going to be one of the most notable events of the year. It will bring all the Scientists, Professors and Delegates together for a remarkable success.
The Theme of the Conference is "Synchronous Evolution of Marine Sciences". The main objective is to bring all the leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars together to exchange and share their experiences and research results about all the aspects of Marine Science. It also provides the premier interdisciplinary forum for researchers, practitioners and educators to present and discuss the most recent innovations, trends, and concerns, practical challenges encountered and the solutions adopted in the field of Oceanography. The conference program will cover a wide variety of topics relevant to the Marine Science, including: Physical significance of Oceanography, Marine Geology, various technology in marine science, Marine Pollution, Marine Biology and so on.
Oceanography overspread both the deep oceans and the much shallower coastal regions. The wideness of understanding in oceanography means oceanographers tends to be rather specialized around one specific subject. Diverse types of tools and instruments are used in oceanography. While ships are also a part of this, other methods, such as stationary underwater observations, are also used to study the ocean. Modern oceanographers also use automated underwater transport and advanced scanning devices to exhibit information faster than a direct human effort could accomplish.
The Conference will provide an overview on the latest trends and achievements in ocean sciences and technologies applied to oceanography and will explore future needs, developments as well as management and governance. The target audience is intended initially for oceanographers, engineers, researchers, academics, industry leaders, conservation organizations, policy and decision makers that have coastal and marine associated responsibilities.
Marine biology is the scientific study of the creatures inside the sea. Given that in biology many phyla, families and genera have some species that lives in the sea and others that lives on land, marine biology classifies species based upon the environment rather than on taxonomy.
The complete world is concentrated on learning about Marine Science and its benefits, so this is the best opportunity to reach largest assembly of participants from the Marine Science community. Distribute information, conduct presentation, and meet with current and potential scientists. Make a splash with new researches and its developments in this 2-days event at “12th International Conference on Oceanography & Marine Biology”. World-renowned speakers, recent techniques, developments and newest updates in Marine Science are the compact of this conference. Hence, you all are welcomed to be a part of this conference to contribute your research ideas.
Marine Biology 2018 – Scientific Sessions
Session 1: Oceanography
Oceanography, also known as oceanology, is the study of the physical and the biological aspects of the ocean. It is an Earth Science which covers a wide range of topics, including ecosystem dynamics, ocean currents, waves, and geophysical Fluid Dynamics, plate tectonics and the geology of the sea floor; and fluxes of various chemical substances and physical properties within the ocean and across its boundaries. These diverse topics reflect multiple disciplines that oceanographers blend to further knowledge of the world ocean and understanding of processes within astronomy, biology, chemistry, geography, geology, hydrology, meteorology and physics.
Session Keywords: Oceanography Conferences, Marine Biology Conferences, Marine Ecology Conferences, Marine Sciences Conferences, Oceanographers Conferences, Ocean Science Conferences, Ocean Science Meetings, Conferences 2018, Aqua Science Meetings
Session 2: Marine Biology
The ocean has a major effect on the biosphere. Life within the ocean evolved around 3 billion years prior to life on land. Both the depth and the distance from shore strongly influenced the biodiversity of the plants and animals present in each region. The marine biology major is designed for the introduction of marine ecosystems, including the great diversity of marine organisms and their coastal as well as oceanic environments.
Session 3: Physical Oceanography
Physical oceanography is the study of the physics and geography of the ocean currents and water properties as well as exploring it. It has a key application in intercontinental climate and coastal studies. It is also a key component in the interdisciplinary studies of initial production, oceanic flux, hydrothermal vents and storage of carbon dioxide. Physical oceanography takes interest on outlining and understanding the progressing patterns of ocean movement and the fluid motions, accompanying the distribution of its properties such as temperature, concentration and the salinity of dissolved chemical elements and gases.
Session 4: Marine Geology
Marine geology is the study of the history and structure of the ocean floor, it is also called as geological oceanography. It involves geochemical, geophysical, paleontological and sedimentological investigations of the coastal zone as well as ocean floor. Marine geology has strong bond to physical oceanography. Marine Geology focuses the studies in areas affected by The Oceans. These are the deep ocean floor, the shallower inclination and banks that edge the continents, and especially the coasts which include beaches, estuaries, rivers, and large lakes.
Session Keywords: Oceanic Engineering Society, OCEANS 2018, World Congress on Marine Science, Oceanography summit, Marine Geology Sciences, Marine Science Events, Marine Biology, Aqua Science Meetings
Session 5: Marine Technology
Marine Technology deals with the construction, operation and maintenance of watercrafts. Some of the technologies involved in marine technology are marine engineering, naval architecture, ship building, ship design, and ship operations, oil and gas exploration, exploitation, production, navigation, underwater technology, hydrodynamics, sea surface and sub-surface support, marine resources (both renewable and non-renewable marine resources)
Session Keywords: Oceanic Engineering Society, OCEANS 2018, Satellite Oceanography Conferences, Oceanography summit, Marine Geology Sciences, Marine Technology Summit, Marine Technology Conferences, Ocean Science Events
Session 6: Marine Ecology
Marine Ecology is the scientific analysis of the marine-life domain, populations, and interactions amongst the creatures and the surroundings involving their abiotic and biotic factors. Marine ecosystems are amongst the biggest of Earth's aquatic ecosystems. Some of the examples are salt marshes, intertidal zones, estuaries, lagoons, mangroves, coral reefs, the deep sea, and the sea floor.
Session Keywords: Oceanography Conference, Marine Biologist, Marine Biologist, Aquatic Conference, Geoscience Conference, International Geoscience, European Geophysical Society, Geological Survey of Canada, Aqua Science Meetings, Ocean Conference
Session 7: Marine Chemistry
The Marine Chemistry mainly states about the chemical composition and chemical processes of the Global Ocean. Marine chemistry is a component of hydrosphere it also describes about the biochemistry, geochemistry, environmental chemistry and atmospheric chemistry. It deals with the interaction and conditions between the organic and inorganic compounds, the biological, physical and geological conditions in the sea. Ocean science are affected by pH levels, Marine Transportation, Environmental Hazards, Silt and Biology.
Session Keywords: Oceanography Conference, Marine Biologist, Marine Biology Conferences, Marine Life Conference, World Congress on Marine Science, Biochemistry Conference, Chemical Oceanography Conference, Ocean Conferences, Aqua Science Meetings, Ocean Science Meetings
Session 8: Ocean Biogeochemistry
Biogeochemistry is a new scientific discipline in which the physical, chemical, biological, and geological processes are explored. Biogeochemistry studies the cycles of critical elements, such as carbon and nitrogen, and their interactions with other organisms and substances as they move through Earth’s atmosphere, biosphere (life), hydrosphere (water and ice), and lithosphere (rock). Emphasis is placed on the study of carbon, nitrogen, sulphur, and phosphorus cycles. Biogeochemistry is a systems science closely related to systems ecology.
Session Keywords: Biochemistry Conference, Oceanic Biochemistry Conference, Marine Sciences Conference, International Society for Environmental Biogeochemistry, Atmospheric Oceanography, Biogeochemical Oceanography
Session 9: Coastal Oceanography
The Coastal Oceanography Group targets on the regional place-based research along the north coast zone of California, taking advantage of the unique ocean upwelling zone, as well as in relatable regions worldwide. With new as well as continued collaborations with the biologists and modellers, and with multiple funding for this research, the Coastal Oceanography Group has made a major impact on our understanding of coastal processes at both the basic physical oceanography.
Session Keywords: Oceanography Conference, Marine Sciences Conference, Coastal Oceanography Conference, Coastal Oceanography and , Coastal Research and Education Society of Long Island, Korea Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, Oceanography Meetings, Marine Biology Meetings
Session 10: Marine Pollution
Marine pollution can be described as anything that impure the sea. Common Marine Pollutants include chemicals, small plastic beads in exfoliants and toxic bio-matter. But due to the noise, excessive traffic occurs around the ocean by which it can also be defined as pollution if it disrupts marine life. Marine pollution occurs when harmful, or potentially harmful, effects results from the entry into the ocean of chemicals, industrial, residential waste and agricultural noise or the spread of fast growing organisms.
Session Keywords: Oceanography Meetings, Marine Biology Conference, Aqua Science Meetings, Eco-toxicology Conference, Marine Pollution facts, Industrial Toxicology Conference, Marine Geochemistry Conference, Oceanographers, Marine Biology
Session 11: Ocean and Climate
Ocean Covers 70 percent of the Earth’s surface, the world’s oceans have a two-way relationship with weather and climate. The Oceans influence the weather on local to global scales, while changes in climate can fundamentally alter many properties of The Oceans. This topic examines how some of these key characteristics of The Oceans have changed over time. Understanding the influence of ocean conditions on the Earth’s climate and monitoring changes in ocean conditions are key to predicting climate change.
Session 12: Oceanographic Instrumentation
Oceanographic Instruments are used to estimate diverse types of physical, chemical and biological quantities in the water column. There is not just a single way to measure a quantity, there are many quantities to be measured hence, there are several instruments. This track will endeavour to overspread more common instruments used by an oceanographer.
Session Keywords: Ocean Conference, Oceanic Instrumentation, Oceanic instrumentation and Technology, Aquatic Science Conferences, Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society, Oceana, World Meteorological Organisation, Oceanographic Biology Conference
Session 13: Oceanography Market
Oceanography overspread both the deep oceans and the much shallower coastal regions. The wideness of understanding the oceanography means Oceanographers tends to be rather specialized around one specific subject. Several types of tools and instruments are used in oceanography. While ships are also a part of this. Other methods such as stationary underwater observations are also used to study the Ocean. Modern Oceanographers also use automated underwater transport and advanced scanning devices to exhibit information faster than a direct human effort could accomplish.
Session Keywords: Marine Biology Conference, The Ocean Conference, Ocean Business, United Nation Ocean Conference, Marine Biologists, Ocean Conservation Society, The Global Market, Aqua Science Meetings
Session 14: Oceanography and Marine Ecology
Oceanography is the subject the ocean and all its components that are related to this planet. This includes the study of weather, ocean current, sea life and all the other relevant topics with are somehow associated with the ocean. It covers an immense variety of topics, including biological system elements; sea streams, waves, and geophysical liquid progression; plate tectonics and the topography of the ocean bottom; and fluxes of different synthetic substances and physical properties inside the sea and over its limits.
Session Keywords: Oceanography Conference, Marine Biologist, Aquatic Conference, Geoscience Conference, International Geoscience, European Geophysical Society, Biological Systems, The Oceans, Aquatic Science Conferences, Oceanographers Meet, Marine Biology
Session 15: Organisms of the Open Sea
Many species that live in the open ocean truly live in an ocean universe. More than 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered by ocean, and it is important to remember that more than 50% of the Earth’s surface is covered by ocean that is at least two miles deep. Many open ocean organisms live out their existence without ever meeting the shore, the seafloor, or the water’s surface. They spend their entire lives surrounded by water on all sides and do not know that anything else even exists. In the case of deep open oceans, organisms never even see sunlight.
Session Keywords: Oceanography Conference, Marine Geology Conference, Aquatic Science Meetings, Ecological Oceanography, Oceans Meeting, Ocean Conference, Oceanic Organisms, Marine Biology Conference, The Oceans, Marine Science Meetings
Session 16: Function and Environment
Billions of Marine Microorganisms are present in every litter of seawater which represent a structured ecological community that controls how the Earth functions in practically every way, from energy consumption to respiration. As they are the inhabitants of the largest environment on Earth, Microbial marine systems drive is changing in every global system.
Session Keywords: Oceanic Marine Biology Conference, Aquatic Science Conferences, Environmental Biochemistry Conference, Oceanography Conference, Microbial Marine System, Environmental Oceanography Conference, Aqua Science Meetings
Session 17: Coral Reefs
Reefs consist some of the densest and most diverse habitats in the world. The best-known types of reefs are tropical coral reefs which inhabit in most tropical waters; however, reefs can also exist in cold water. Reefs are built up by corals and other calcium-settling animals, usually on top of a rocky outcrop on the ocean floor. Reefs can also grow on different surfaces, which has made it possible to create artificial reefs. Coral reefs also bear a huge section of life, including the corals themselves, their symbiotic zooxanthellae, tropical fish and many other organisms.
Session Keywords: Marine Biology Conference, Oceanic Conference, Aquatic Science Conferences, The Oceans, Marine Ecologists, Coral Reefs Symposium, International Meeting, The Society for Underwater Technology, British Marine Life Study Society
Session 18: Reproduction, Dispersal, and Migration
One of the most basic characteristics of living things is the ability to reproduce—to generate offspring like themselves. Any life form that failed to replace itself with new individuals of its own kind would soon vanish from the planet. It is only by reproducing that a species ensures its own survival. Organisms must do two things when they reproduce. First, they must produce new individuals to perpetuate the species. Second, they must pass on to this new generation the characteristics of the species in the form of genetic information.
Session Keywords: Oceanography Conference, Marine Biologist, Marine Biologist, Aquatic Conference, International Marine Science, European Biological Society, Biological Systems , The Oceans, Oceanographers
Session 19: Life Near the Surface
The ocean,” for most of us, conjures up images of beaches and cliffs, breaking surf, or quiet bays. Such familiar nearshore waters, however, make up only a small fraction of the world ocean. The rest is the vast open sea, the pelagic realm. Though distant and unfamiliar, the open ocean affects us all. It regulates our climate, conditions our atmosphere, and provides food and other resources. The rest is the vast open sea, the pelagic realm.
Session Keywords: Oceanic Engineering Society, OCEANS 2018, Aquatic Science Meetings, World Congress on Marine Science, Oceanography summit, Marine Geology Sciences, European Marine Observation, The Oceans, Geological Survey of Canada
Session 20: Coastal Benthic Environments
The Benthic Zone is the zone where the ecological division are at the lowest part of a body of ocean or a lake, including the residue surface and some sub surface layers. Organisms living in this zone are described as benthos, for example the benthic invertebrate community, including polychaetes and the crustaceans. The organisms usually live closely with the preliminary bottom and many are permanently attached to the bottom.
Session Keywords: Oceanography Conference, Marine Sciences Conference, Coastal Oceanography Conference, Coastal Research and Education Society of Long Island, Oceanography Meetings, Benthic Ecology Meetings, Benthics 2018
Session 21: Human Impact on the Sea
Humans have a massive impact on the ocean. In fact, evidence of humans can also be found all over the Oceans, even in the most remote polar areas, in the form of floating trash. Pollution is not the only or necessarily most important way we affect the marine environment. This section briefly summarizes problems caused by human activities like, dumping, dredging of silt or mud, landfilling, or even of the use of explosives.
Session Keywords: Ocean Conference, Oceanic Technology, Oceanographic Society, Oceana, Oceanographic Biology Conference, Conference Sea and Society, Marine Sciences Conference, The Oceans, Aquatic Science Meetings
It is assumed that more than 90% of world trade is conveyed by sea and over the period 1985 to 1999, world seaborne trade incremented by 50% to around 5 billion tons with the largest growth coming in crude oil and various oil products consignments. During 1990-98 growth aggregated 3.2% per annum. Since then some of the countries concerned have completed a turnaround. Global markets consist of three major regions; Europe and North America are similar in size forming 25% and 26% of the market.
- Oceanography Asia
- Oceanography Europe
- Oceanography Middle East
- Oceanography USA
The Global Market
Most of the markets we discuss typically includes three elements: the acknowledgement equipment, the cost of operations, and the output value. In short, the subject is complex. This complication is further increased by the fact that sectors overlap and one may supply to another for example the shipbuilding industry supplies vessels to the offshore oil industry. However, the summation of the items that are expenditure, gives a value of $747 billion and enables us to derive a view of the global segmentation of the marine industries.
Factors Impacting on the Marine Markets The major factor impacting on the marine industry is the level of global economic activity and the resultant amount of world trade. It is estimated that over 90% of world trade is carried by sea and over the period 1985 to 1999, world seaborne trade increased by 50% to about 5 billion tons with the largest increase coming in crude oil and oil products shipments. During 1990-98 growth averaged 3.2% per annum. It is reported that in 1998 trade experienced its first dip for 15 years.
In summary, our analysis shows that the marine Industries growth over next five years could total $51 billion, the largest being in the sectors of:
- Marine Transportation,
- The Leisure Industries Including Leisure Boating and The Cruise Business,
- Marine Biotechnology,
- Offshore Oil & Gas Industry,
- Marine Services in Its Many Aspects,
- Minerals (Specifically Offshore Diamonds),
- The Ports Industries,
- Underwater Vehicles,
- Submarine Cables,
- Marine IT (But from A Small Base)
- Renewable Energy (From an Even Smaller Base)
A huge proportion of all life on globe lives in the ocean. The exact size of this huge proportion is unknown, since various ocean species are still to be discovered. The ocean is a complicated three-dimensional world covering near about 71% of the Earth's surface. The domain deliberated in marine biology includes everything from the tiny layers of surface water in which organisms and the abiotic items may be get stuck in surface tension between the ocean and the atmosphere, to the depths of the ocean trough, sometimes around 10,000 meters or more beneath the surface of the ocean. Specific habitats includes coral reefs, sea grass meadows, kelp forests, the surrounds of seamounts and thermal vents, tidepools, muddy, sandy and rocky bottoms, and the open ocean (pelagic) zone, where solid objects are rarely seen and the surface of the water is the only visible boundary.
Marine Biology publishes original and globally notable contributions from every fields of marine biology. Special importance is given to the articles which promotes the understanding of life in the sea, organism and environment interactions, interactions between organisms, and the functioning of the marine biosphere.
Aspects of interest include:
- Marine Biogeochemistry
- Ecology of Marine Populations and Communities
- Marine Ecophysiology
- Behavioural Biology of Marine Organisms
- Development and Life Cycles of Marine Organisms
- Biochemistry and Physiology of Marine Organisms
- Evolution of Marine Organisms
- Population Genetics of Marine Organisms
- Marine Conservation
- Technology Developments in Marine Biology
Some specific areas of research include:
- Using automated DNA analysis for studying Marine Algae and microbes
- Iron and algal blooms
- How marine algae interact with other marine organisms, ocean chemistry, and climate
- The ecology and genetics of microscopic marine algae
- Red tides and algal blooms
- Marine microbes (bacteria and archaea)
Research objectives in marine biology aim to implement functional and environmental genomic approaches to increase knowledge on certain marine model organisms, and better understand the functioning and biodiversity of marine ecosystems in a context of global change.
Benefits from a Social Economic Perspective
Significant beneficial position would result to genetic enhancement of food fish. Included among these benefits are the potential for reduced pressure on natural fisheries and perhaps preserving some of the biodiversity of the marine environment. This later benefit is certainly dependant on the future regulation and reaction of the world's fishing fleets, as previously noted. This is a particularly significant benefit because seafood demand is expected to increase 70% in upcoming 35 years (JSA 1992; NSTC 1995), and in six of 11 fishing zones, more than 60% of species have already been depleted or fished to their biological limit (FAO 1995). This fact has additional economic implications for labour markets.