Ocean and Climate

Human gave rise to climate change threatens coastal and marine ecosystems through sea-level rise, acidification, and changes in weather patterns and water temperatures. These changes will also seriously alter coastal development, the reliability of ocean shipping, coastal recreation and marine activities such as oil platforms and aquaculture, thus adding economic risks. Oceans and climate are completely associated and oceans plays a significant role in mitigating climate change by serving as a major heat and carbon sink.

As greenhouse gases trap more energy from the sun, the oceans are absorbing more heat, resulting in an increase in sea surface temperatures and rising sea level. Changes in ocean temperatures and currents brought about by climate change will lead to change in climate patterns around the globe.  Interaction between the ocean and atmosphere occurs slowly over months to years, and so does the movement of water within the ocean, including the mixture of deep and shallow waters.